Configuring Storage

Configuring storage involves several steps:

  1. Installing the disk.
  2. Initialising the disk.
  3. On a basic disk, creating partitions and logical drives.
  4. On a dynamic disk, creating volumes.
  5. Formatting the volumes.
  6. Assigning drive letters to the volumes, or mounting the volumes to empty folders on existing NTFS volumes.

You must be a member of the Administrators or Backup Operators group, or have delegated authority, to perform these tasks. Only administrators can format a volume.

The first thing you need to do is install or attach the new physical disk (or disks). Once you’ve done this, you can open Disk Management. If the drive has not been detected automatically, right click the Disk Management node and choose Rescan Disks.

You must initialise the disk before you can begin to divide its available space to partitions, logical drives, and volumes. This causes the operating system to write a disk signature, the end of sector marker (also called signature word), and a master boot record (MBR) or globally unique identifier (GUID) partition table to the disk.

The Initialize Disk Wizard appears automatically when you start the Disk Management console after installing a new disk. If you want to initialise a disk manually, right-click the disk’s status box in Disk Management and choose Initialize Disk.

Next: Volumes